Economic Stability

How Economic Factors Effect a Persons Health Status

Those with a lower economic status are more likely to have worsened health

Influences that effect a persons economic status include:

Wedding Ring
Graduation Cap
Social Class

Marital Status

Education

Social Class

Social Status
Money
Globe

Social Status

Income Level

Geographic Location

Those living in poverty are at increased risk for
  • Mental Illness
  • Higher Morality
  • Lower Life Expectancy
  • Heart Disease
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
In addition, older adults who are poor experience higher rates of disability and mortality

Certain populations are more prone to living in poverty:

Racial Groups

Racial and ethnic groups

Migrant Status

Those with migrant status

Rural Area

Those in rural areas




Health insurance is associated with improved access to health services and better health monitoring

Those with lower incomes are often uninsured
...with minorities accounting for over half of the uninsured population

Uninsured adults are less likely to receive preventive services for chronic conditions such as diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease

Uninsured children are less likely to receive appropriate treatment for conditions like asthma or critical preventive services such as dental care, immunizations, and well-child visits that track developmental milestones

Education

How Level of Education Correlates to Health

Increased Health
Higher education can lead to improved health and well-being, as well as reduced risk for premature death
Reduced Premature Death

Individuals with more education are...

Increased Health
Less likely to report conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, anxiety, and depression
Increased Health
More likely to exercise, drink less alcohol, and seek preventive health care when needed

Early childhood (first 5 years) impacts long–term...

Social

Cognitive
Emotional

& Physical Development

Social Factors

How a Persons Social Context Effects Their Health Status




Racism is linked to:

High blood pressure

Low birth weight

Poor health status



white
The 2015 National Healthcare Disparities Report indicated that white patients receive better quality of care than 36.7% of Hispanic patients, 41.1% of black patients, 32.4% of American Indian/Alaska Native patients, and 20.3% of Asian and Pacific Islander patients
mixed


Female Symbol
Women generally tend to have higher levels of unhappiness, loneliness and depression
Discrimination due to physical appearance or gender are strongly related to reduced
  • Pap smears
  • Mammography
  • Clinical breast exams


The LGBT community tend to have worsened mental health including depression, suicidal ideation, and emotional distress, which is often due to social rejection and isolation, decreased social support, and verbal or physical abuse

Healthcare

Access to Healthcare Directly Affects a Persons Health Status


Lack of health insurance decreases the use of preventive and primary care services


Those without health insurance may delay seeking care when they are ill or injured, and are more likely to be hospitalized for chronic conditions such as diabetes or hypertension

Children without health insurance are less likely to get vaccinations, a routine primary care service
Vaccine
Language
Speaking a language other than English at home can negatively impact access to primary care and screening programs
Travel distance and the supply of primary care providers can also limit people’s ability to get primary care
Map


Environment

How a Persons Environment Affects Their Health


Poor nutrition is a risk factor for high blood pressure, diabetes,and cancer




Barriers to proper nutrition:

Distance to Supermarket

Vehicle Access

Public Transport

Food Deserts




What's a food desert?

Areas that lack food sources, typically in low income areas, and have more convenience stores and small food markets

These options tend to carry foods of lower nutritional quality compared to large chain supermarkets




Lack of access to foods has a greater impact on members of

Racial Groups

Racial and Ethnic Minority Communities

Coins

Low–income Communities

Rural Area

Those in Rural Areas



Violence can lead to premature death or cause non-fatal injuries, create an unsafe environment lading to increased obesity due to lack of physical activity, mental distress, pain and suffering, and risky later life behaviors for children who are exposed

Polluted air, contaminated water, and extreme heat can all negatively impact population health
Exposure to outdoor air pollutants increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, and death
Steps, balconies, and windows present a threat to safety, especially for older adults and disabled individuals
Those unable to maintain their homes may have hazards such as carbon monoxide, allergens, and lead in paint, pipes, and faucets

Low-income areas are prone to poor-quality housing that can damage health...
These homes may be underinsulated, lack air conditioning, and cost more to heat, leaving homes either too hot or too cold
Spending time in a cold home may raise blood pressure or even lead to a heart attack
Residents of overcrowded homes may be at risk for
  • Poor Mental Health
  • Food Insecurity
  • Infectious Diseases
Water leaks can cause mold, mold affects respiratory health and increases the likelihood of asthma, coughing, and wheezing